The hottest robot grabs dividends and reshapes the

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Grab the "robot dividend" and reshape the competitiveness of manufacturing industry

when the demographic dividend is basically exhausted, how to grab the robot dividend, so as to promote industrial upgrading, reshape the competitiveness of traditional manufacturing industry, and shift workers to high-end? Wait, this is a topic that the whole society must face

how to resolve the employment difficulties has become one of the hot topics of the two sessions in 2014. In the case of the rookie network with the largest business volume in the express industry, the current rapid development of the robot industry, and a large number of robots occupy artificial jobs, this topic has become more prominent

the International Federation of robotics predicts that China will become the world's largest robot market in 2014, which means that with the adjustment and upgrading of industrial structure and the rapid development of manufacturing industry, more and more simple processing and manufacturing industries will be eliminated, and more and more industrial robots without pay, rest or holidays will take up posts. Under this situation, how to develop new jobs, Let a large number of industrial workers liberated by robots continue to work? Let millions of students out of school have a place to play? How to build a new employment reservoir? How will the future job market change

in addition, when the demographic dividend is basically used up, how to grab the robot dividend, so as to promote industrial upgrading, reshape the competitiveness of traditional manufacturing industry, and transfer mobile workers to high-end? Wait, this is a topic that the whole society must face

guide the high-end employment structure

Tang Zhimin, Secretary of the Party committee of the Chinese Academy of personnel Sciences, answered the above questions about the relationship between the development of the robot industry and artificial employment. At the international intelligent IOT Robot Industry Summit Forum held recently, Tang Zhimin said that with the strong support of national policies, the robot industry will usher in explosive growth. He also stressed that the competition in high-tech industries is essentially a competition for talents. College graduates are the main source of talent resources in our country. Guiding college graduates ISO 7765 ⑴ to obtain employment in strategic emerging industries is not only conducive to the development of strategic emerging industries, but also conducive to solving the employment problem of college graduates

in fact, the domestic robot industry has entered the fast lane and is promoting the high-end employment, which has become a consensus. Many examples show that robots are no longer illusions about the future world, and robots really come

in Foxconn, a production line that used to have 30 workers, now only 5 workers are retained. They only need to press the button and run the machine. Other workers have been replaced by a robot arm, which is responsible for inserting components into the motherboard. Foxconn CEO Terry Gou said he hoped that the number of robotic arm installations would reach 1million in 2014, and the first batch of fully automated plants would be launched in the next five to 10 years. Foxconn's ambitious plan shows that such changes will gradually extend to the entire group. In addition to Foxconn, more and more enterprises choose to let robots work. BYD, Great Wall Motors, Sany Heavy Industry, rapoo, etc. all have robot employees

at the same time, people cannot avoid the reality that increasing the application of industrial robots and realizing highly automated production is bound to have a great impact on the traditional employment market. How to treat this impact? Let's still look for the answer from examples

Zhongshan Xinli precision parts Co., Ltd. introduced 6 stamping robots and 6 welding robots, and the number of employees decreased from 230 to more than 140. So some people worry, where will those workers who have been replaced by robots go? The practice of Shenzhen rapoo Technology (002577, Guba) Co., Ltd. seems to provide an answer to this question. The company imported 75 robots from ABB, and the number of employees decreased sharply from more than 3000 by 2/3. Some of these remaining workers are still engaged in the original manual work, and become colleagues with robots. Some of them have successfully transformed into robot operators through retraining and improving their skills

as for the phenomenon that robots occupy manual posts, some experts have explained that the introduction of industrial robots into the production line does replace human labor, but this cannot be statically summarized as machines eat people. From a historical point of view, the use of more and more efficient robots has not only greatly released productivity, but also increased the circuitous nature of production, but also derived a large number of new industries, and correspondingly created new jobs. The application of industrial robots is the same: while reducing the number of labor on the production line, it also creates other labor demand. In addition, the market competitiveness of enterprises using industrial robots can be improved, which may also increase new labor demand, and maintain the employment of other industries in the community, such as some consumer services

experts believe that another impact of the use of industrial robots on the labor market is the impact on the employment structure. After the introduction of industrial robots, the production process and management mode of manufacturing industry will also be adjusted adaptively. In manufacturing enterprises, low skilled workers in the production line, even some skilled workers, will be replaced by industrial robots, while the number of technical posts for debugging, maintaining and controlling industrial robots will increase relatively. At the industrial level, with the high-end of the industry, especially the development of high-end manufacturing, the demand for knowledge workers will increase, and the number of employees in producer services will increase accordingly. In other words, the introduction of industrial robots will make the employment structure high-end. In the long run, intelligent industrial robots will put forward higher requirements for talents in the future

cost disadvantage turns into competitiveness

with the rise of global labor costs, enterprises are constantly facing challenges. Under the circumstances of high cost growth and labor scarcity, how to reduce labor costs and maximize the effect of each labor force has become the most concerned problem of enterprises. As a modern automation equipment integrating machinery, electronics, control, computers, sensors, artificial intelligence and other multidisciplinary advanced technologies, the employment army composed of industrial robots obviously provides the best option to reduce labor costs. People are concerned about whether industrial workers can convert the cost disadvantages of their PC control system operating on windows into advantages in their PK with robots, and then reshape their competitiveness

the reality is that due to the obvious comparative advantages of robots in cost, more and more manufacturing enterprises tend to let robots work. Published data show that, on average, from the third year of using robots, their costs have begun to be lower than ordinary labor, and this cost advantage will become more and more obvious. As early as 2006, Forbes magazine predicted that when the price of industrial robots fell to about $20000 and the performance became mature and stable, there would be a wave of manufacturing enterprises introducing industrial robots to replace workers. A research report released by Oxford University warns that 47% of jobs in the United States will be replaced by automation in the next 20 years

domestically, it has also become a trend to introduce robots to reduce labor costs. According to Zhang Xinhua, director of the 10th Research Office of Beijing Institute of automation and control equipment, data show that the average annual wage growth of Chinese workers in recent years has been as high as 14.8%. In the case of high cost growth and labor scarcity, how to reduce labor costs and maximize the effect of each labor force has become the most concerned issue of enterprises

Li Haibin, deputy general manager in charge of production of Shanghai Hitachi Electric, believes that due to the high cost pressure, there has been a scissors gap between the costs between people and machines. Li Li, deputy general manager of Shanghai Haili (Group) Co., Ltd., said that from the perspective of enterprises, considering the annual increase in the minimum wage standard, the labor cost of front-line employees is rising at a rate of 14% - 16% per year. In addition, the national 12th Five year plan proposes that the per capita disposable income of residents will increase by more than 7% annually in the next five years. If calculated according to the existing staff, the front-line labor cost of the company will increase by 40% by 2015 compared with 2010. On the other hand, with the increase of domestic demand, the purchase price of robots is decreasing by about 5% every year. A few years ago, the price of a robot was 700000 yuan, but now it has fallen to more than 200000 yuan. Moreover, the service life of a robot is about 10 years, and the depreciation is 20000 yuan a year. If the robot can be transferred after debugging, the cost of using a robot may be lower than that of using a worker. This is very attractive for labor-intensive enterprises

however, the experience of Haili group also shows that although a large number of robots have robbed some front-line workers of their jobs, they also help to increase the income of highly skilled core employees. It is estimated that after the large-scale application of robots and the improvement of skills of core employees, the monthly salary of the latter can increase by 33% compared with 5 years ago. This phenomenon will also force ordinary industrial workers to study hard and participate in various trainings to improve their skills and quality, so as to be competent for core positions with higher technical content. From this point of view, the large-scale use of robots will greatly promote the upgrading of industrial structure and the improvement of the quality of industrial workers, so as to reduce costs, improve labor productivity, and provide more sufficient sources of funds and talent reserves for expanding regeneration and environmental protection and energy saving technology to be valued in the film blowing machine machinery industry

robot dividends create more jobs

can robots change the current plight of enterprises when the overall situation of the manufacturing industry is not optimistic and labor costs are rising? Can it become the Savior of manufacturing

it is reported that the labor shortage is forcing the industrialization of robots to speed up. In the face of structural labor shortage, with the increase of human costs and the internal requirements for precision manufacturing, the machine replacement plan ushers in the opportunity to speed up. From the perspective of potential demand, China's robot industry will usher in a rapid growth period of 25% to 30%, and will also generate more robot dividends. It is estimated that by 2020, China will have 300000 robots, and the output value of robots and systems will be about 100billion yuan, driving the parts market of 300billion yuan. Therefore, robots, as a part of strategic emerging industries, will make important contributions to the development of China's manufacturing industry

Since the financial crisis, countries all over the world have been seeking new driving forces for scientific and technological innovation. In order to meet the new round of scientific and technological revolution, major countries have taken science and technology as the core of national development strategy, issued a series of innovation strategies and action plans, increased investment in scientific and technological innovation, strengthened layout in important fields such as new energy, new materials, information networks, industrial robots, biomedicine, energy conservation and environmental protection, low-carbon technology, green economy, and strive to maintain the leading position of science and technology and seize the commanding height of future development. Among them, the industrial robot industry is a rapidly growing emerging industry, which will play an increasingly important role in future production and social development. The robot industry will be a new large-scale high-tech industry after automobiles and computers. Luo Baihui, Secretary General of the international mold and hardware and plastic industry suppliers association, believes that China's success or failure in becoming a manufacturing kingdom lies in turning the demographic dividend into a brain dividend. In the process of this transformation, a large number of new jobs and employment opportunities will be derived, requiring a large number of industrial workers who master high technology and skills

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